By John Carroll
Humanism equipped Western civilisation as we all know it this present day. Its achievements comprise the liberation of the person, democracy, common rights, and common prosperity and luxury. Its ambassadors are the heroes of contemporary tradition: Erasmus, Holbein, Shakespeare, Velázquez, Descartes, Kant, and Freud.
Those who sought to include humanism’s satisfaction inside of a body of upper fact — Luther, Calvin, Poussin, Kierkegaard — may well slightly interrupt its torrential growth. those that sought to reform humanism’s tenets — Marx, Darwin, and Nietzsche — have been validated via the luck in their personal prophecies.
So runs the authorized view; it isn't shared by means of John Carroll. relatively he articulates a disruptive and compelling replacement model of Western civilisation because the Renaissance and the Reformation contrived to unharness cause, Will, and a superhuman guy at the international. the following, Carroll considerably reworks his bracing learn of humanism’s upward push to pre-eminence and its headlong tumble into contradiction. This revised examine the failure of the West’s 500-year test with humanism, and its dire cultural effects, concludes with eleven September, 2001.
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The Wreck of Western Culture: humanism revisited by John Carroll