By Arthur Herman
Plato got here from a filthy rich, hooked up Athenian kin and lived a snug upper-class way of life till he met a wierd little guy named Socrates, who confirmed him a brand new global of rules and beliefs. Socrates taught Plato guy needs to use cause to achieve knowledge, and that the lifetime of a lover of knowledge, a thinker, used to be the head of accomplishment. Plato committed himself to dwelling that excellent and went directly to create a college, his famed Academy, to educate others the trail to enlightenment via contemplation.
in spite of the fact that, a similar Academy that unfold Plato’s teachings additionally fostered his maximum rival. Born to a kin of Greek physicians, Aristotle had discovered early at the price of statement and hands-on event. instead of depend on natural contemplation, he insisted that the truest route to wisdom is thru empirical discovery and exploration of the area round us. Aristotle, Plato’s such a lot magnificent scholar, therefore settled on a philosophy very varied from his instructor’s and introduced a contention with profound results on Western culture.
the 2 males disagreed at the basic goal of the philosophy. For Plato, similar to the cave summed up man’s destined course, rising from the darkness of fabric lifestyles to the sunshine of a better and extra non secular fact. Aristotle concept differently. rather than emerging above mundane truth, he insisted, the philosopher’s task is to provide an explanation for how the genuine global works, and the way we will be able to locate our position in it. Aristotle organize a college in Athens to rival Plato’s Academy: the Lyceum. the contest that ensued among the 2 faculties, and among Plato and Aristotle, set the area on an highbrow experience that lasted during the center a while and Renaissance and that also keeps today.
From Martin Luther (who named Aristotle the 3rd nice enemy of real faith, after the satan and the Pope) to Karl Marx (whose utopian perspectives rival Plato’s), heroes and villains of historical past were encouraged and incensed via those grasp philosophers—but by no means outdoor their influence.
available, riveting, and eloquently written, The Cave and the Light offers a beautiful new point of view at the Western global, absolute to open eyes and stir debate.
Praise for The Cave and the Light
“A sweeping highbrow background considered via historic Greek lenses . . . breezy and enthusiastic yet resting on a strong rock of research.”—Kirkus Reviews
“Examining arithmetic, politics, theology, and structure, the publication demonstrates the continued relevance of the traditional world.”—Publishers Weekly
“A significant strategy to comprehend over millennia of background, multi functional book.”—Library Journal
“Entertaining and sometimes illuminating.”—The Wall road Journal
From the Hardcover edition.
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Extra info for The Cave and the Light: Plato Versus Aristotle, and the Struggle for the Soul of Western Civilization
The Cave and the Light: Plato Versus Aristotle, and the Struggle for the Soul of Western Civilization by Arthur Herman