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By Ian Worthington

Alexander the nice, arguably the main interesting determine from antiquity, waged struggle as a Homeric hero and lived as one, conquering local peoples and territories on a superhuman scale. From the time he invaded Asia in 334 to his loss of life in 323, he elevated the Macedonian empire from Greece within the west to Asia Minor, the Levant, Egypt, vital Asia and "India" (Pakistan and Kashmir) within the east. even though many different kings and generals solid empires, Alexander produced person who was once with out parallel, no matter if it used to be short-lived.

And but, Alexander couldn't have completed what he did with no the accomplishments of his father, Philip II (r. 359-336). It was once Philip who really replaced the process Macedonian historical past, remodeling a vulnerable, disunited, and economically backward country right into a army powerhouse. A warrior king par excellence, Philip left Alexander with the best military within the Greek international, a centralized monarchy, monetary prosperity, and a plan to invade Asia.

For the 1st time, By the Spear bargains an exciting army narrative of the reigns of those larger-than-life figures in a single quantity. Ian Worthington supplies complete breadth to the careers of pop and son, exhibiting how Philip was once the architect of the Macedonian empire, which reached its zenith less than Alexander, merely to crumble upon his death. by means of the Spear also explores the impression of Greek tradition within the East, as Macedonian armies turned avatars of social and cultural swap in lands a ways faraway from the normal sphere of Greek effect. moreover, the e-book discusses the issues Alexander confronted in facing a various topic inhabitants and the concepts he took to what can be referred to as kingdom construction, all of which make clear modern occasions in culturally assorted areas of the area. the result's a gripping and unprecedented account of the position those kings performed in making a giant empire and the long-lasting legacy they left behind.

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By the Spear: Philip II, Alexander the Great, and the Rise and Fall of the Macedonian Empire (Ancient Warfare and Civilization) by Ian Worthington


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